Posts Tagged Philosophy notes

Philosophy [XXII], Aristotle’s ethics…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur Holmes…) Lecture #14 – Aristotle’s ethics In order to develop an ethic, Aristotle speaks about the human soul and what it’s proper functions are which involves distinguishing between it’s varied functions, e.g. between the nutritive, rational, and animal souls. (see […]

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Philosophy [XXI] Aristotle’s epistemology and the human soul…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur Holmes…) Philosophy XXI Lecture #13 – Aristotle’s epistemology and the human soul Aristotle is after the development of a science of first principles, the essences and forms along with the other causes involved, his conception is that we need to […]

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Philosophy [XX] Aristotle’s metaphysics and his views of god…

A review of Dr.Holmes’ lectures 10 to 12 which present Aristotle’s metaphysics and his views on god. The three lectures were condensed into one set of notes due to their connection, there’s a link to previously posted philosophy notes at the end…

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Philosophy [XIX] brief conclusions to Plato with an introduction to Aristotle’s metaphysics…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#9 – Plato (conclusion) & Aristotle’s metaphysics Final thoughts on Plato: developing a core thesis that can be represented by the divided line analogy; on one side is the difference between knowledge and opinion, the epistemological side, and […]

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Philosophy [XVIII] some notes on Plato’s ethics…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#8 – Plato’s ethics Plato considers the tripartite soul, the levels of the soul, *The intellect *The spirited (drive) *The appetitive (wants) The location of these levels are in the head (intellect), in the chest (spirited), and in […]

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Philosophy [XVII] mainly selections from the Timaeus on god and Plato’s views on the human soul…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#7 – God and Plato on the human soul Note: Most selections here are from the Timaeus. Timaeus was an astronomer, thus, in this dialogue with Plato, the discussion ranges from the creation of the universe, it’s order […]

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Philosophy [XVI] notes and selections from Plato on god…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#6 Plato on god Plato distinguishes between being, becoming, and non-being: *becoming is the state of change characteristic of the world of particulars *being is the realm of the unchanging, the eternal, the realm of form *non-being is […]

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Philosophy [XV] history of philosophy, some notes on Plato’s theory of forms…

(Continuing with the History of Philosophy lectures. See links to previous lecture notes below) Lecture#5 – Plato’s theory of forms Knowledge – gained and elicited via dialectic employing a Socratic method to recall innate elements Opinion – employing rhetoric to manipulate and persuade others Knowledge is rationally grounded/certain Opinion is relative, changing, based on changing […]

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Philosophy [XIV] Plato’s Ion. Of art and divine inspiration…

Plato’s Ion – A dialogue between Socrates and Ion of Ephesus This dialogue expounds on artistic ability and divine inspiration, it begins with Socrates meeting Ion in Athens. Ion says that he just won the first prize at a recital competition in Epidaurus, and hopes to win again at the Panathenaea in Athens soon. Socrates […]

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Philosophy [XIII] random notes on the history of philosophy. Plato’s epistemology…

(A continuation of notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#4 – Plato’s epistemology Consider the following: pre-scientific cosmology and the orderedness of nature as a whole for sophists, thus raising questions regarding the reality of what governs nature… the notion of moral order, the […]

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Philosophy [XII] random notes, history of philosophy. The Greek Sophists…

Note: This is a continuation of the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur Holmes… Lecture#3 – The Greek Sophists Pre-Socratics were considered pre-scientific, employing cosmological speculations, underlying this thinking is their attempt to understand the parallel between ordered unity of nature, the city state, one’s moral life, and the […]

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Philosophy [XI] random notes, history of philosophy – the moral universe in the pre-socratics…

Note: I’m following a series of downloaded 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes, Professor of Philosophy, Wheaton College. These are my notes after listening, with a few added internet resources on related terms etc at the end… Lecture#2 – The moral universe in the Pre-Socratics Aristotle considered […]

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Philosophy [X], random notes – history of philosophy focusing on the beginnings of Greek philosophy…

Note: I’m following a series of downloaded 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes, Professor of Philosophy, Wheaton College. These are my notes after listening to the first lecture with a few added internet resources on related terms, etc at the end… Lecture 1 – The beginning of […]

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Philosophy [IX] Philosophy of Mind…

A brief introduction Philosophy of mind studies the nature of the mind as it relates to the physical body, with ‘nature of mind’ referring to mental functions, events, properties and consciousness. An overview of this philosophy can be read in this article by Laura Weed at philosophynow.org,  https://philosophynow.org/issues/87/Philosophy_of_Mind_An_Overview , here historical views are first presented in relation […]

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Philosophy [VIII] Political philosophy…

[VIII] A Brief on Political Philosophy This branch of philosophy explores elements of government, the state, justice, liberty, politics, law and law enforcement, and is concerned with how societies should be organised and how individuals should act in society, also discussing ethical concepts for society and individual rights. Political philosophy asks questions such as; what […]

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Philosophy [VII] Aesthetics…

[VII] Aesthetics Aesthetics is concerned with nature and an appreciation of beauty, and encompasses art and culture. This philosophical branch explores questions such as; What is a work of art? Why are certain things beautiful? Is there a connection between art and morality? and Are aesthetic judgments objective or subjective? Aesthetics applies to both positive […]

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Philosophy [VI] Logic…

[VI] Logic Logic is the study of reasoning, investigating the structure of statements and arguments through inference. It asks questions in relation to correct reasoning, good and bad arguments, and the detection of fallacies in reasoning. Any logical system should possess the following three properties: consistency, soundness, and completeness. Consistency considers the absence of any […]

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Philosophy [V] Ethics…

[V] Ethics Ethics or moral philosophy is concerned with human morality and defining right conduct. Ethical theories are divided into the following areas of study: Meta ethics – which investigates the origin of ethical principles attempting to determine the meaning of ‘right’ and to understand the meaning of various ethical properties. For example: Are these […]

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