Archive for category Philosophy

Philosophy [XXII], Aristotle’s ethics…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur Holmes…) Lecture #14 – Aristotle’s ethics In order to develop an ethic, Aristotle speaks about the human soul and what it’s proper functions are which involves distinguishing between it’s varied functions, e.g. between the nutritive, rational, and animal souls. (see […]

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“It is not that we have a short time to live, but that we waste a lot of it.” ~ Seneca…

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“Happiness is not an ideal of reason but of imagination” – Immanuel Kant…

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Philosophy [XXI] Aristotle’s epistemology and the human soul…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur Holmes…) Philosophy XXI Lecture #13 – Aristotle’s epistemology and the human soul Aristotle is after the development of a science of first principles, the essences and forms along with the other causes involved, his conception is that we need to […]

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Philosophy [XX] Aristotle’s metaphysics and his views of god…

A review of Dr.Holmes’ lectures 10 to 12 which present Aristotle’s metaphysics and his views on god. The three lectures were condensed into one set of notes due to their connection, there’s a link to previously posted philosophy notes at the end…

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Eliminating aspects of failure…

“Take care with the end as you do with the beginning, and you will have no failure.” –LAO TZU

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Philosophy [XIX] brief conclusions to Plato with an introduction to Aristotle’s metaphysics…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#9 – Plato (conclusion) & Aristotle’s metaphysics Final thoughts on Plato: developing a core thesis that can be represented by the divided line analogy; on one side is the difference between knowledge and opinion, the epistemological side, and […]

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Living happily…

“Nature intended that we should need no great equipment for living happily; each one of us is able to make his own happiness. External things are of slight importance. … All that is best for a man lies beyond the power of other men.” — SENECA

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On virtue, happiness, thought, contemplation (Aristotle)…

“If happiness consist of virtuous activity, it must be the activity of the highest virtue, or in other words, of the best part of our nature. …We conclude then that happiness reaches as far as the power of thought does, and that the greater a person’s power of thought, the greater will be his happiness; […]

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Made of mind…

“All phenomena of existence have mind as their precursor, mind as their supreme leader, and of mind are they made. ” ——BUDDHA

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The uniformity of things…

“What kind of world would it be if this mechanism should seize the human race entire, and if the peoples, instead of raising themselves to a richer and more harmonious diversity, as persons may do, were to fall into the uniformity of things?” ——HENRI BERGSON

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Philosophy [XVIII] some notes on Plato’s ethics…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#8 – Plato’s ethics Plato considers the tripartite soul, the levels of the soul, *The intellect *The spirited (drive) *The appetitive (wants) The location of these levels are in the head (intellect), in the chest (spirited), and in […]

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On duty…

“It is better to do one’s own duty, however defective it may be, than to follow the duty of another, however well one may perform it.” — BHAGAVAD-GITA

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Philosophy [XVII] mainly selections from the Timaeus on god and Plato’s views on the human soul…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#7 – God and Plato on the human soul Note: Most selections here are from the Timaeus. Timaeus was an astronomer, thus, in this dialogue with Plato, the discussion ranges from the creation of the universe, it’s order […]

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“No one outside ourselves can rule us inwardly. When we know this, we become free.” Buddha…

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Philosophy [XVI] notes and selections from Plato on god…

(Notes from the 1992 lectures on the ‘History of Philosophy’ by the late Dr. Arthur F. Holmes…) Lecture#6 Plato on god Plato distinguishes between being, becoming, and non-being: *becoming is the state of change characteristic of the world of particulars *being is the realm of the unchanging, the eternal, the realm of form *non-being is […]

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Philosophy [XV] history of philosophy, some notes on Plato’s theory of forms…

(Continuing with the History of Philosophy lectures. See links to previous lecture notes below) Lecture#5 – Plato’s theory of forms Knowledge – gained and elicited via dialectic employing a Socratic method to recall innate elements Opinion – employing rhetoric to manipulate and persuade others Knowledge is rationally grounded/certain Opinion is relative, changing, based on changing […]

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Philosophy [XIV] Plato’s Ion. Of art and divine inspiration…

Plato’s Ion – A dialogue between Socrates and Ion of Ephesus This dialogue expounds on artistic ability and divine inspiration, it begins with Socrates meeting Ion in Athens. Ion says that he just won the first prize at a recital competition in Epidaurus, and hopes to win again at the Panathenaea in Athens soon. Socrates […]

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